1. Battle of Actium
The “Battle of Actium” took place 2 September 31 BC -
31BC + 30 years reign left = 1 BC.
2. At this time it was that the fight happened at Actium, between Octavius Caesar and Antony, in the seventh year of the reign of Herod
Josephus, Antiquities 15.5.2
1. … for the battle at Actium was now expected, which fell into the hundred eighty and seventh olympiad, where Caesar and Antony were to fight for the supreme power of the world
Josephus, Antiquities 15.5.1
An olympiad is a span of four years. So while it’s accuracy isn’t very great, it can be used as a way of verification of more accurate sources.
The 187th olympiad was between 32-
2. Christ -
Let us see, moreover, how in the forty-
Because of how the calendar worked it’s 3/2BC (part of each)
3. Miracle of the lot -
A random choosing of the "lot" which was cast on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). The lot chosen determined which of two goats would be "for the Lord" and which goat would be the "Azazel" or "scapegoat." During the two hundred years before 30 CE, when the High Priest picked one of two stones, again this selection was governed by chance, and each year the priest would select a black stone as often as a white stone. But for forty years in a row, beginning in 30 CE, the High Priest always picked the black stone! The odds against this happening are: ½*½ repeated 40 times is 1 in 1,099,511,627,776
John 11:51 Now this he said not of himself: but, being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for the nation;
The Temple was destroyed in 70AD -
The first stone was drawn on the Atonement Day before Jesus died. So we shouldn’t add stone, so we subtract one year less, 3BC
4. Ruling over Galilee
And seeing that Hyrcanus was of a slow and slothful temper, he made Phasaelus, his eldest son, governor of Jerusalem, and of the places that were about it, but committed Galilee to Herod, his next son, who was then a very young man, for he was but fifteen*** years of age
Jewish Antiquities, 14.9.2
Those who will carefully observe the several occasional numbers and chronological characters in the life and death of this Herod, and of his children, hereafter noted, will see that twenty-
So Herod received Galilee at the age of 25 and died at the age of 70.
The consensus is that Herod started ruling Galilee in 47BC.
That puts Herod’s death in 2/1BC