The Life of Jesus Site index

Work in progress. Still adding, reorganizing and correcting.
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1. Main page

2. Jesus’ timeline

3. Herod 1BC

Reign of a king

Tiberius + Philip

Herod’s death  

War of Vares  



4. Conception

5. Birth date

John born

Bible and stuff


6. Circumcision

7. Star of Bethlehem


8. 12 years

9. Baptism

10. Arrest - Omer

Jesus in prison?

3 days + 3 nights

Peter’s denials

Misc / unsorted

Pilate & Sejanus

23 Sept. 2017

This page was last updated on 24 June, 2019.

In the heart of the earth

Matt 12:40 ... so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

It reads "in the heart of the earth" not "in the tomb/grave"!

Is "in the heart of the earth" a poetic way to describe the grave? Let's Scripture answer that.

mnēmeion is the Greek word for grave and it's used 16 times in the NT.

I may add more detail at a later time but for now it’s important to see/admit the word grave/tomb/etc is not used.

“Heart of the earth” is not a synonym for grave.

A thought…

The Omer grain offering was placed upon the lamb, and they were together waved (east-west-north-south-up-down) before the Altar (“before Yahweh”).

In Israel, in Temple times:

After sunset, immediately following the Holy Day (the First Day of Unleavened Breads), three se’ahs (that is one ephah, about five gallons) of the new barley crop were reaped into three baskets. In the morning, it was winnowed and sifted, then parched over a fire, ground into flour, and sifted, yielding one omer (a tithe of an ephah, about one-half gallon) for the Omer offering. It was mixed with one log (about one-and-a-half cups) of pure olive oil. The mixture was sanctified by placement into a sacred vessel. In a procedure called haggashah, it was brought near to the copper-plated Outer-Altar, and then touched to its southwest corner.

A male lamb, between eight days and one year old, was slaughtered in the northern half of the Temple courtyard. Blood spurting from its neck was caught by a priest in a sacred vessel. The blood was then carried to the Outer-Altar by a priest, and thrown from the sacred vessel onto the northeast and southwest corners, such that all four sides of the Altar received blood.


The Omer grain offering was placed upon the lamb, and they were together waved (east-west-north-south-up-down) before the Altar (“before Yahweh”).


The lamb was dismembered, salted, and entirely burned upon the wood-fire of the altar (except the hide, which went to the priests). This is called an elevation offering, because its significance is the “sweet aroma” ascending to God.

East, west, north, south, are in different order depending on the source. North, east, south, west sounds the most logical to me. Anyway it occurred to me those four directions are what the Bible calls “ the four corners of the earth” Isa 11:12. That means the priest stand in the center/heart of the earth.

The road to Emmaus

Luke 24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran to the sepulcher; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

Luke 24:13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about three score furlongs.

Luke 24:20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

Luke 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

The 3 days they mentioned is counting from the end of the events - Death on cross.

See how that count leads to the sixth day of the week,because He was not in the grave today/16th?

See how that count is only ‘2 days + 2 nights’ in the ‘heart of the earth’?

So an extra day should be added. 13 Nissan, the day after the Last Supper.

And that is the day in prison shown in the previous section.

The contradiction that’s proof

There is a myth Passover isn’t always on the 6th day of the week.  That’s a wrong assumption - Click That alone proves Passover, FUB and First Fruits are always on the same date. But there is another bit of proof that FUB and FF are always back to back.

Lev 23:15 And you shall count to you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

Count starts on first fruits

Deut 16:9 Seven weeks shall you number to you: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as you begin to put the sickle to the corn.

Count starts on harvesting day, not First Fruits.

Both verses are about counting the same 7 Sabbath days, but they have a different starting point.

So... there is no contradiction between the verse, and it proves other things:

Some great parallels

I love parallels that support my view :-)

All info is presented in the graph below but list a few highlights.

Every day of the year without exception 2 lambs were sacrificed in the Temple

As you see many key event happened during those hours. Some come from extra Biblical sources, but the ones during crucifixion day are easy to spot.

The Wave Sheaf/Barley offering has very interesting parallels too.

The Temple crier

"... before the cock crows twice ..."


It's often debated the cock in question is rooster. Jewish writings strictly forbid having chickens in Jerusalem. Because the crow of a rooster carries far it's not impossible the crow was from outside the city. On top of that it's not likely the Romans followed the Jewish regulations.

This view is possible.


Bugle #1

Another possibility that's often mentioned is the Roman bugle/trumpet that signaled the change of guards at 3am. The last night shift 3-6 am was called the cock-crow.

Mark 14:63 The high priest tore his clothes. “Why do we need any more witnesses?” he asked.


Mark 14:72 Immediately the bugle sounded the second time. Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows twice you will disown me three times.” And he broke down and wept.

During a court hearing the high priest wore a simple garment over is high priest garment. That simple garment was torn in pieces when the defendant was accused of blasphemy. Court hearings where during daytime, so the hearing could never have ended around that time.

This view is impossible.

Bugle #2


The priest that was on duty that night closed the Temple doors and slept in the Temple complex. He put the key in a space in the floor, covered it with a stone and slept on top of that stone. This priests duty was to wake, by shouting, up all other priests in the morning to attend to their duties.

This view is possible.


Temple crier.

I don't know this is the priest that was on duty as the gatekeeper that day or another person.

This person made, cried, important announcements. As I wrote earlier twice a day a lamb was tied to the altar and twice a day a lamb was killed. Those were important things so the Temple Crier announced them.

This view is possible.



Most logical

Imo we should focus on the last two suggestions, which perhaps are the same person.


For quite some time it’s know Matthew was originally written in Hebrew.

Scholars translated the Greek versions into Hebrew and found something very relevant to this little study.

In Greek the ‘Temple crier’ is keryx according to some scholars and alektor according to other scholars. Alektor can refer to a rooster or a man.

The Greek word ‘crow’ is translated  from, can also mean ‘cry out’.

phōeōThayer Definition:

1) to sound, emit a sound, to speak

1a) of a cock: to crow

1b) of men: to cry, cry out, cry aloud, speak with a loud voice

2) to call, to call one’s self, either by one’s own voice or though another

3) to send for, summon

3a) to call out of (i.e. bid one to quit a place and come to one

3b) to invite

3c) to address, accost, call by a name

Mark 14:30 And Jesus says to him, Truly I say to thee, that thou today, in this night, before the man cries out twice, will deny me thrice.

Or  alternatively:

Mark 14:30 And Jesus says to him, Truly I say to thee, that thou today, in this night, before the man summons twice, will deny me thrice.

When did the Temple crier cry out?

Mark 14:30 And Jesus said to him, Truly I say to you, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me thrice.

Before sunrise the Temple crier, shouted three different cries.

I’m not entirely sure of this, but likely it was one statement at a time.

For me it adds a lot of depth if the the events in court link Jesus-Lamb to animal-lamb. That sacrifice of that animal lamb obviously was foreshadowing to the ultimate sacrifice of the Jesus-Lamb.

Even more because the for example “All the priests prepare for the sacrifice!” Was shouted during dark. Jesus real/official hearing was after sunrise. Jesus the death sentence was a sacrifice.

John 18:14 Caiaphas was the one who had told the other Jewish leaders, “It’s better that one man should die for the people.”

According Jewish Encyclopedia (under Gebini) the Temple crier’s voice could be heard for miles as he called the priests to prepare for the sacrifice. So Peter could have heard the cries.

The denials of Peter

Matt 26:34 Jesus said to him, Truly I say to you, That this night, before the cock crow, you shall deny me thrice.

Well I have to admit this is (currently) a nut that’s to hard to crack for me.

I’ve read the attempts from scholars to harmonize the court procedings and align everything into a nice timeline. All of them clearly failed when I introduce the anchorpoints I used for my own research. And yeah my own research failed too. The only solution is the scholary view that copies of the manuscripts descriping these events are corrupted. I don’t really want to take that road. But if I did I could use it as proof for my day in prison view. Actually it requires onlu 2 Mark’s verses to me marked as corrupted.   

The diagram

I hope the diagram is really as self explanatory as I think it is.

I wasn’t personally there as you likely have guessed, so the parallels are just what I understand from the hints and parallels.

Take for example Night #3 when He rose from the dead. For me the time of His resurrection is pretty sure, but the time He left the tomb is far less sure. I know Scripture records an earthquake/angels rolling away the stone. But nobody actually saw Christ leaving then. We are only told the grave was empty.

Note that Christ in His upgraded body could just walk through walls. So the stone doesn’t mean anything.  So why did I pick the 10th hour? Partly because I think the Temple crier, cried then. Partly because that’s devils/witching hour -click. Not that I put much value in the ramblings of the occult, far from. Anyway I remember a story that  the devil is most active then because Christ was resurrected then, Christ left the grave then, because 3am is the the devils twist on 3pm, Christ’s hour of death. So take your pick. In all honesty had very little to go on so I picked an hour that at least had some sort of support.

Frankly speaking leaving the tomb at the 9th hour because He died at the 9th hour could be another pick.

The creation of Adam

The above (except the Scriptual remarks) are oral tradition. Accuracy of traditions varies from 0-100% correct. So reader beware!

I’m not drawing any conclusions (yet), I just wanted to share those numbers for your consideration.

14th hour of the day never can be a few hours after sunset, no matter how you count, so contradictions conflict.

Events on 15 Nisan:

First day of FUB (Exo 12:39)

Israel left Egypt (Num 33:3)

Jesus rose from the dead - He left Egypt on FUB

Wave sheaf is cut from the earth - He cut from the earth (resurrected)